Boston Ivy

Parthenocissus tricuspidata

Boston Ivy is a deciduous vine with bluish fruits and bright red fall foliage. A member of the grape family, Boston Ivy is commonly used as a decorative addition for buildings. This means that it is most often used to grow on sections of buildings, walls, and fences for its aesthetic beauty. The glossy dark green leaves turn bright red in the fall. Showy leaves are held late into fall or early winter. This vine does well in poor soil and can grow in shade to full sun. While technically considered an invasive plant species (originally native to Japan), Boston Ivy's invasive tendencies are typically shortlived, as it often succumbs to native vines (such as Virginia Creeper) when dispersed out of controlled bounds. Boston Ivy has been grown everywhere from Fenway Park in Boston to Dallas, Texas. Boston Ivy is unique in how it attaches to structures and surfaces. Unlike true ivies, such as English Ivy that attach with invasive aerial rootlets that can severely weaken brick and wood structures, Boston Ivy attaches to surfaces with tendrils tipped with sticky disks. This means that that the plant effectively glues itself to structures without structurally damaging the surface. The adhesive forces are so strong that researchers with the Plant Biomechanics Group have taken notice. Because of this special quality, Boston Ivy is not only a safe addition to structures and buildings, but a wonderful energy saving plant - effectively shading buildings during the summer and allowing buildings to absorb heat during the winter thanks to its deciduous nature.

Encyclopedic Entry

According to Michael A. Dirr's Manual of Woody Landscape Plants ...


  • Common Name:
    Cottage Ivy, Japanese Ivy, Japanese Creeper, Boston Creeper, Grape Ivy, Woodbine
  • Popular Varieties:
    Fenway Park, Ginza Light(s), Green Showers, Lowii, Purpurea, Robusta, Veitchii
  • Type:
    Perennial Groundcover
  • Family-Genus-Species:
    Vitaceae Parthenocissus tricuspidata
  • Sun Requirements:
    Partial Shade to Full Sun
  • Size:
    30' to 50' and more; the structure upon which it climbs is the limiting factor
  • Leaves:
    Leaves are alternate and simple, slender-stalked, broad-ovate, and 4-8" wide. They are 3-lobed with new growth being bronzish to reddish. Turning rich lustrous deep green in summer, leaves are a purple-red to crimson-red in fall. Usually Boston Ivy and Virginia Creeper are the first of all woody plants to color effectively in the autumn.
  • Habit:
    Deciduous vine with tendrils which have 5 to 8 branches, each ending in adhesive like tips; has the ability to literally cement itself to the wall and therefore needs no support; good on trees, will also crawl along the ground to an extent.
  • Hardiness:
    Zone 3 to 9. For an idea of your plant zone please visit the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map.
  • Rate:
    Fast, 6 to 10 feet and beyond in a single season. Trim as necessary. If left unattended, ivy will spread continuously.
  • Flowers:
    Greenish white, appearing from June-July in cymes which usually form terminal panicles
  • Soil Preference:
    Will grow in moist, well-drained, loamy, sandy or clay soils. Boston Ivy will tolerate most soils.
  • Landscape Value:
    Excellent, tough, low-maintenance cover for walls, trellises, rock piles; can be an asset if used properly; the ivy covered walls of most universities are not ivy covered but "creeper" covered; have seen the species growing on sand dunes in the company of various salt tolerant species; if other vines fail this is a good choice; cements itself to structures and does not need support; may leave a residue on buildings that is difficult to remove; can become a weed as birds "plant" the seeds with reckless abandon.
  • Planting Instructions:
    Dig a hole about 8 to 12 inches in diameter, with a depth no deeper than the original soil line on the stem. Break up the soil to the finest consistency possible. Place plant in hole and fill, compacting the fill dirt. Water the plant heavily to seal soil around the roots and remove air pockets. Plant one plant for ever 2 linear feet. The larger the plant the faster the area will fill in.
  • Diseases & Insects:
    Canker, downy mildew, leaf spots, powdery mildew, wilt, beetles, eight-spotted forester, leaf hoppers, scales and several other insects
  • Fertilization:
    Enrich the soil towards the end of the winter or in autumn with a slow release fertilizer or manure. During the spring provide fertilizers rich in nitrogen and potassium.

Photo Gallery

Parthenocissus tricuspidata Parthenocissus tricuspidata Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Parthenocissus tricuspidata Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Fenway Park' Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Fenway Park'
Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Ginza Light' Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Ginza Light' Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Ginza Light'

Spotlight Cultivars

Fenway Park Boston Ivy

Fenway Park

In September of 1988, Arnold Arboretum senior research scientist Peter Del Tredici was walking home from a Boston Red Sox game when he noticed what appeared to be a glowing section of growth on a nearby apartment building (as seen here). The mutant strain of Boston Ivy would soon become known as 'Fenway Park' Boston Ivy. After successfully reproducing the mutation in 1989, Peter Del Tredici would go on to gain permission for 'Fenway Park' name usage from Executive Vice President and Counsel for the Boston Red Sox John F. Donovan in 1991. As one of the most popular cultivars of Boston Ivy in landscape use today, 'Fenway Park' is renowned for its often glowing chartreuse leaves depending on sun exposure. According to the Arnold Arboretum, "When grown in full sun, the color comes close to the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) yellow-green 151A to C; in shade, it is a uniform lime green (RHS 154C to D)." Fall colors are identical to the species. It is important to note that hotter, full sun environments typical of the Southern United States have caused temporary seasonal defoliation in specimens.

Ginza Lights Boston Ivy

Ginza Light(s)

'Ginza Light(s)' Boston Ivy is one of the most beautiful cultivars of Parthenocissus tricuspidata currently grown in the United States. Named for the Ginza community within Tokyo, Japan, this cultivated variety stands apart from the species thanks in part to its white variagted foliage. Adding a splash of color that most resembles a light dusting of snow or powdered sugar on its young foliage, the plant retains the resilient nature of its species. Mature foliage depending on the environmental conditions may display the dark green foliage typical of the species. First introduced by Hines Nursery (now Hines Growers) in California and Oregon in their 1999 catalog, this cultivar has now become quite rare. Boyd Nursery Company currently provides limited quantities each season under the name Powdered Sugar ™ Boston Ivy.

Boston Ivy Energy Savings

Parthenocissus tricuspidata

As hinted above, Boston Ivy has the capability of doing more than just beautifying structures. Because of its minimally invasive approach to climbing, Boston Ivy can also offer significant energy savings on the heating and cooling of buildings on which it grows. According to research partially funded by the Spanish Government, there are two primary methods of vegetation integration into a building - green roofs and green façades. Of these two methods, "greening the walls of a building has potentially more effect on the building environment than greening roofs, as the surface area of the walls of buildings is always greater than the area of the roof." While such integration often has slightly higher initial investment and maintenance costs, the sunscreening effect provided by a green façade has been shown to offer reductions of up to 55.4°F (13°C) at 15 hours in the external surface temperatures, and interior surface temperatures reductions up to 51.8°F (11°C) at 18 hours. This potential for temperature reduction during the hottest months equates to significant energy savings. Furthermore, because Boston Ivy is deciduous in nature, summer energy gains are not lost during the winter months as with its other evergreen creeper counterparts. East and West orientations have been shown to have the greatest importance in energy reductions during summer.

Boston Ivy energy efficiency works through four main effects - the Shade effect, the Cooling effect, the Insulation effect, and the Wind barrier effect. The Shade effect consists basically on the solar radiation interception provided by the Boston Ivy. The Cooling effect takes place due to the evapotranspiration from the Boston Ivy leaves and stems. The Insulation effect is related to the insulation capacity of the different layers, such as the air in the ivy layer, possible intermediate air layers, the substrate layers, etc. Finally, the Wind barrier effect refers basically to the capacity of the vertical green system, plants and support structure, to modify the direct wind effect over the building facade.

Identifying Boston Ivy

Because of its varied appearance, Boston Ivy is commonly misidentified as other plants. Most commonly mistaken as Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) or Eastern Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), Boston Ivy can be correctly identified by examining certain apparent traits. The most obvious of these traits have been expounded below.

Boston Ivy tendrils Poison Ivy aerial rootlets

Tendrils

As mentioned at length above, Boston Ivy adheres itself to surfaces using sticky disks called tendrils. These clinging feet appear at intervals along the stem and have a strong resemblance to frog toes. While Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) also uses this method of climbing, it is important to note that Eastern Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) does not. Eastern Poison Ivy climbs surfaces with the aid of aerial rootlets, similar to those of English Ivy (Helix hedera).

Boston Ivy leaves

Leaves

One of the main causes of Boston Ivy misidentification rests in the fact that the plant can take on multiple leaf forms. As its botanical name suggests Parthenoicissus TRI-cuspidata leaves are often centric around the number 3. Adult leaves have 3 lobes. Similarly, young stems produce 3-leaflet compound leaves. Only the youngest shoots produce heart-shaped leaves.

Boston Ivy Poison Ivy Virginia Creeper leaves

Leaf Comparison

As mentioned previously, Boston Ivy leaves often display a theme of 3. In contrast, Virginia Creeper leaves are centric to the number 5, as evidence by their botanical name - Parthenocissus QUINQUE-folia. Because of this key difference, Virginia Creeper leaves are easily distinguished by their 5-leaflet compound leaves. The differences between Eastern Poison Ivy and Boston Ivy leaves are not as easily discernable. The 3-leaflet compound leaf of Boston Ivy can be differentiated by its quilt-like appearance when compared to the compound leaves of Eastern Poison Ivy. Additionally, Eastern Poison Ivy leaves will appear glossy.

Where can Boston Ivy be purchased?

We offer Boston Ivy in several bareroot packages, including our NEW CULTIVAR 'Powdered Sugar' ™ and 'Fenway Park' varieties. All cultivars that we sell, including our new 'Powdered Sugar' ™ and 'Fenway Park', are asexually propagated. We also provide 5 plant packages of Virginia Creeper, the American cousin of Boston Ivy. When your order is received plants are collected as soon as the weather permits, this time-frame is normally within one week. We monitor national weather conditions and temperatures for shipments. If at any time your order must be delayed for weather concerns, We will advise you by phone. For a quote on larger quantities, please call or email us. We ship via Priority Mail from zip-code 37111 and DO NOT ship plants west of the Rocky Mountains.

This product may be shipped year round!


Boston Ivy Vines
Prices for Boston Ivy vines 3 to 8 inches with shipping included.
Order SizePrice per Package
5 plants $35.00
10 plants $60.00
40+ plants $4.50 per plant

'Powered Sugar' ™ Boston Ivy Vines
Prices for 'Powdered Sugar' ™ Boston Ivy vines 3 to 8 inches with shipping included.
Order SizePrice per Package
5 plants $50.00
10 plants $85.00

'Fenway Park' Boston Ivy Vines
Prices for 'Fenway Park' Boston Ivy vines 3 to 8 inches with shipping included.
Order SizePrice per Package
5 plants $50.00
10 plants $85.00